Acclimatizing Port Orford Cedar Tongue and Groove Lumber
Minimize Shrinkage by Acclimatizing Your Cedar
Acclimatizing your lumber when it arrives, and prior to installation will help you get the most our of your natural wood and lumber products. Western Red Cedar, Yellow Cedar and Port Orford Cedar are some of the most stable softwoods AND they are also natural materials which respond to the environment.
Cedar lumber for paneling, ceiling, or siding can swell or shrink as it gains or loses moisture to reach equilibrium with the moisture content of the surrounding air. Ensuring that the moisture content of cedar siding is at equilibrium before it is installed will minimize movement later on. Recommended moisture content for sidings used in various regions of the country are given in Table 1.
On the job site, keep the wood dry. Stack siding off the ground and under cover (shown above). If the wood is to be stored over damp ground or new concrete, place a moisture barrier under the siding. Siding should be 4 to 6 in. above the ground with air circulating freely around and throughout the stack. Acclimatization time varies with the moisture content of the siding. The following procedures are suggested for different siding specifications.
Kiln Dried Clears
These have been dried at the mill to 12-15% moisture content. They are the most ready-to-use of all siding products. If the siding has not been wetted prior to arrival on the job site it may be applied upon arrival except in the Southwest where 3 to 5 days of well ventilated storage is generally required. If the siding has been wetted it must be separated and allowed to dry thoroughly before installing.
Dry Knotty Sidings
Knotty sidings are air or kiln dried to less than 19% moisture content. Stack the siding on evenly spaced, vertically aligned stickers (figure 1) in a dry storage area for 7-10 days. More time may be required in damp or humid conditions.
Green (Unseasoned) Sidings
Unseasoned or green sidings have not been dried prior to delivery and require a longer time to acclimatize than seasoned sidings. Separate the siding with vertically aligned stickers (Figure 1) and store in a well ventilated dry location for a minimum of 30 days or longer in damp or humid conditions. If specifying unseasoned siding, patterns such as channel, bevel and board-and-batten are recommended since these allow for shrinkage. Narrower widths are also recommended since these move less overall than wider widths.
Table 1. Recommended Moisture Content for Siding Installation
|Most Areas||Damp, Warm Southeastern Coastal Areas||Dry, Southwest States|
|Average||Individual Pieces||Average||Individual Pieces||Average||Individual Pieces|
1. To calculate average, test 10% or more of pieces.
2. Source: Wood Handbook 1987.